World Thalassemia Day

 World Thalassemia Day

World Thalassemia Day is celebrated on the 7th of May. It is a global event that is held every year all over the world. World Thalassemia Day is celebrated to raise awareness about the various blood diseases inside the human body and to motivate the people suffering from this, commemorating those who have lost their lives while fighting this. Does it help in providing more knowledge to people about what thalassemia is? And how it causes? World Thalassemia Day is celebrated to remove this disease from all over the world so that no person will die. Various organizations have organized multiple campaigns to educate people about this. In this article, we will provide information regarding world Thalassemia day, its history, themes, signs and symptoms, previous year’s themes, etc. 

History Of World Thalassemia Day

The idea of world Thalassemia Day was initiated in 1994 by the thalassemia international federation (TIF). The idea came after the TIF founder’s son, George, died of a blood disease. Later he thought that millions of people died daily due to thalassemia, which led to the formation of world thalassemia day. As time passes, people become more considerate of the disease and decide to exclude it entirely from the world. However, various plans and schedules were formed to implement world thalassemia day. While today all the countries celebrate it so that these diseases can be removed from the world and no one will die.   

The Theme Of World Thalassemia Day

The theme of world thalassemia day 2022 was “Be aware. Share. Care: Working with the global community as one to improve thalassemia knowledge”. As you can imagine from its name, it is quite an unknown disease; however, not many people know much about it. Every year, various competitions and campaigns are organized to motivate people. Many people show their contribution through social media. However, some attend these movements physically to be a part of this momentous occasion. 

Significance Of World Thalassemia Day

World thalassemia day is an important international occasion. It is celebrated annually with great enthusiasm. It is a global event that needs the world’s support to accomplish its goal. The prime motive of world thalassemia day is to help the world know more about this disease and try to reduce it. however, world thalassemia day also provides preventable measures and motivates them to overcome this disease. With the help of the right and proper medication, you can overcome thalassemia. 

What Is Thalassemia?

It is a specified blood disease that occurs due to decrease hemoglobin production. It is mainly a genetic disorder divided into alpha-thalassemia and beta-thalassemia, and they depend on four genes: two alpha-globin genes and another two beta-globin. Doctors can diagnose it through blood tests, mainly hemoglobin and genetic tests. Also, the treatment of this disease is available but depends on the serviceability illness. According to the report of the world health organization, more than 280 million people are suffering from this disease in the year 2015, and it is mainly found in the people of Greek, the Middle East, South Asia, and Europe.

Signs And Symptoms Of This Disease

  1. It seems that those suffering from this disease can get an overloaded production of iron in their body, and it causes damage to the heart, endocrine system, and liver.
  2. Those suffering from thalassemia have a very high risk of infection. 
  3. Thalassemia disease also causes bone damage. It can wider the bone marrow, which causes terrible bone structure, especially in the skull and face.
  4. It causes many heart problems like heart failure, abnormal heart rhythms, etc
  5. This disease also causes anemia which affects the child’s growth and puberty time.

Themes of the Previous World Thalassemia Day

2020 The theme was the drawing of a new era for thalassemia 
2019 Universal access to quality thalassemia healthcare services 
2018 Thalassemia past, present and future – documenting the process and patients’ need worldwide 
2017 Get connected – share knowledge and experience and fight for a better tomorrow in thalassemia 
2016 Access to safe and effective drugs for thalassemia  
2015 Enhancing partnerships towards patients centered health system good health adds life to the year 
2014 Economic recession – observe joint forces safeguard the health 
2013 The right to quality health care for every patient 
2012 Patient right revisited 


World thalassemia day is celebrated on 7th May. The main aim of celebrating world thalassemia day is to raise awareness about the various blood diseases which causes harm to our body and even take our lives. Millions of thalassemia patients have been suffering from this disease for a long time. However, motivating them to have a safe and happy life is necessary. We can show our contribution by providing preventive measures to these people.  


1. What is the theme of world thalassemia day 2022? 

Ans: The theme of the year 2022 is to be aware – share care and work with the global community. 

2. What is the reason thalassemia leads to anemia?

Ans: When a person is suffering from thalassemia disease, then the production of hemoglobin decreases in the body. We all know that hemoglobin plays a significant role in the body. It carries oxygen to all body parts. When a person suffers from thalassemia disease, the production of hemoglobin decreases, resulting in the organs not working correctly because of the low hemoglobin.

3. What is the subcategory of thalassemia disease? 

Ans: According to doctors, thalassemia is divided into alpha and beta-thalassemia and minor thalassemia, major thalassemia, and intermediate thalassemia.

Prakhar Singh

A man who loves writing about health and fitness more than anything. His interest area include alternative health, education, Yoga and meditation. Whenever he is free from his study, he enjoys to write content to spread knowledge.

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